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2017高考新课标全国卷2英语试题答案解析(word精校版)

2017-06-09 09:25:33文/孙文婷

2017年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语试卷II(正式版解析)

第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳答案。

A

Inthecomingmonths,wearebringingtogetherartistsformallovertheglobe,toenjoyspeakingshakespeare’splaysintheirownlanguage,inourglobe,withinthearchitectureshakespearewrotefor.pleasecomeandjoinus.

NationalTheatreOfChina Beijing|Chinese

Thisgreatoccasion(盛会)willbethenationaltheatreofchina’sfirstvisittotheuk.Thecompany’sproductionsshowthenewfaceof21stcenturychinesetheatre.Thisproductionof

Shakespeare’sRichardIIIwillbedirectedbytheNational’sAssociateDirector,WangXiaoying.

Date&Time:Saturday28April,2.30pm&Sunday29April,1.30pm&6.30pm

MarjanishviliTheatre TbilisilGeorgian

OneofthemostfamoustheatresinGeorgia,theMarjanishvili,foundedin1928,appearsregularlyattheatrefestivalsallovertheworld.ThisnewproductionofAsYouLikeItishelmed(指导)bythecompany’sArtisticDirectorLevanTsuladze.

Date&Time:Friday18May,2.30pm&Sunday19May,7.30pm

DeafinitelyTheater LondonlBritishSign Language(BSL)

BytranslatingtherichandhumouroustaxtofLove’sLabour’sLostintothephysicallanguageofBSL,DeafinitelyThertrecreatesanewinterpretationofShakespeare’scomedyandaimstobuildabridgebetweendeafandhearingworldsbyperformingtobothgroupsasoneaudience.

Date&Time:Tueaday22May,2.30pm&Wednesday23May,7.30pm

HabimaNationalTheatreTelAvivlHebrew

TheHabimaisthecentreofHebrew-languegetheatreworldwide,FoundedinMoscowafterthe1905revolution,thecompanyeventuallysettledinTelAvivinthelate1920s,Since1958,theyhavebeenrecognizedasthenationaltheatreofIsrael.ThisproductionofShakespeare’sTheMerchantofVenicemarkstheirfirstvisittotheUK.zepteo.com

DateDate&Time:Monday28May,7.30&Tuesday29May,7.30pm

21.whichplaywillbeperformedbytheNationalTheatreofChina?

A.RichardⅢ. B.Lover’sLabour’sLost

C.AsYouLikeIt D.ThemerchantofVenice

22.WhatisspecialaboutDeafinnitelyTheatre?

A.Tthastwogroupsofactors B.ItistheleadingtheatreinLondon

C.ItperformsplaysinBSL D.Itisgoodatprductingcomedies

23.WhencanyouseeaplayinHebrew?

A.Onsuturday28Apil. B.OnSunday29April

C.OnTuesday22May. D.OnTuesday29May

21--23 AAD

B

IfirstmetPaulNewmanin1968,whenGeorgeRoyHill,thedirectorofButchCassidyandtheSundanceKid,introducedusinNewYorkCity.Whenthestudiodidn’twantmeforthefilm—itwantedsomebodyaswellknownasPaul—hestoodupforme.Idon’tknowhowmanypeoplewouldhavedonethat;theywouldhavelistenedtotheiragentsorthestudiopowers.

ThefriendshipthatgrewoutoftheexperienceofmakingthatfilmandTheStingfouryearslaterhaditsrootinthefactthatalthoughtherewasanagedifference,webothcamefromatraditionoftheaterandliveTV.Wewererespectfulofcraft(技艺)andfocusedondiggingintothecharactersweweregoingtoplay.BothofushadthequalitiesandvirtuesthataretypicalofAmericanactors:humorous,aggressive,andmakingfunofeachother—butalwayswithanunderlyingaffection.Thosewerealsoatthecore(核心)ofourrelationshipoffthescreen.

Wesharedthebriefthatifyou’refortunateenoughtohavesuccess,youshouldputsomethingback—hewithhisNewman’sOwnfoodandhisHoleintheWallcampsforkidswhoareseriouslyill,andmewithSundanceandtheinstituteandthefestival.PaulandIdidn’tseeeachotherallthatregularly,butsharingthatbroughtustogether.Wesupportedeachotherfinanciallyandbyshowingupatevents.

Ilastsawhimafewmonthsago.He’dbeenin andoutofthehospital.HeandIbothknewwhatthedealwas,andwedidn’ttalkaboutit.Ourswasarelationshipthatdidn’tneedalotofwords.

24.Whywasthestudiounwillingtogivetheroletoauthoratfirst?

A.PaulNewmanwantedit.

B.Thestudiopowersdidn’tlikehisagent.

C.Hewasn’tfamousenough.

D.Thedirectorrecommendedsomeoneelse.

25.WhydidPaulandtheauthorhavealastingfriendship?

A.Theywereofthesamedge.

B.Theyworkedinthesametheater.

C.Theywerebothgoodactors.

D.Theyhansimilarcharactertics.

26.Whatdoestheunderlinedword“that”inparagraph3referto?

A.Theirbelief.

B.Theircareforchileden.

C.Theirsuccess.

D.Theirsupportforeachother.

27.Whatistheauthor’spurposeinwritingthetest?

A.Toshowhisloveoffilms.

B.Torememberafriend.

C.Tointroduceanewmovie.

D.Tosharehisactingexperience.

24--27CDAB

21.细节理解题。根据“Whenthestudiodidn’twantmeforthefilm—itwantedsomebodyaswellknownasPaul”制片人不想要我,他想要&网当时比较出名的演员Paul,因此,可知作者当时还不是很有名。故选C。

C

TerrafugiaInc.saidMondaythatitsnewflyingcarhascompleteditsfirstflight,bringingthecompanyclosertoitsgoalofsellingtheflyingcarwithinthenextyear.Thewehicle-namedtheTransition–hastwoseatswheelsandwingsthatfoldupsoitcanbedrivenlikeacar.TheTransition,whichflewat1,400feetforeightminuteslastmonth,canreacharound70milesperhourontheroadand115inthefliesusinga23-gallontankofgasandbums5gallonsperhourintheair.Ontheground,itgets35milespergallon.

Around100peoplehavealreadyputdowna$10,000deposittogetaTransitionwhentheygoonsale,andthosenumberswilllikelyriseafterTerrafugiaintroducestheTransitiontothepubliclaterthisweekattheNewYorkAutoShow.Butdon’t expectittoshowupintoomanydriveways.It’sexpectedtocost$279,000.Anditwon’t helpifyou’restuckintraffic.Thecarneedsarunway.

Inventorshavebeentryingtomakeflyingcarssincethe1930s,accordingtoRobertMann,anairlineindustryexpert.ButMannthinksTerrafugiahascomecloserthananyonetomakingtheflyingcarareality.Thegovemmenthasalreadypermittedz&xxkthecompanytousespecialmaterialstomakeiteasierforthevehicletofly.TheTransition isnowgoingthroughcrashteststomakesureitmeetsfederalsafetysiandards.

MannsaidTerrafugiawashelpedbytheFederalAviationAdministration’sdecisionfiveyearsagotocreateaseparatesetofstandardsforlightsportaircraft,whicharelowerthanthoseforpilotsoflargerplanes.Terrafugiasaysanownerwouldneedtopassatestandcomplete20hoursofflyingtimetobeabletoflytheTransition,arequirementpilotswouldfindrelativelyeasytomeet.

28.Whatisthefirstparagraphmainlyabout?

A.ThebasicdataoftheTransition. B.Theadvantagesofflyingcars.

C.Thepotentialmarketforflyingcars. C.ThedesignersoftheTransition.

29.WhyistheTransitionunlikelytoshowupintoomanydriveways?

A.Itcauserstrafficjams. B.Itisdifficulttooperate.

C.Itisveryexpensive. D.Itbumstoomuchfuel.

30.Whatisthegovemment’sattitudetothedevelopmentoftheflyingcar?

A.Cautious B.Favorable.

C.Ambiguous. D.Disapproving.

31.Whatisthebesttitleforthetext?

A.FlyingCaratAutoShow B.TheTransition’sFistFlight

C.Pilots’DreamComingTrue D.FlyingCarClosertoReality

D

Whenaleafyplantisunderattack,itdoesn’t sitquietly.Backin1983,twoscientists,JackSchultzandIanBaldwin,reportedthatyoungmapletreesgettingbittenbyinsectssendoutaparticularsmellthatneighboringplantscanget.Thesechemicalscomefromtheinjuredpartsoftheplant andseemtobeanalarm.Whattheplantspumpthroughtheairisamixtureofchemicalsknownasvolatileorganiccompounds,VOCsforshort.

ScientistshavefoundthatallkindsofplantsgiveoutVOCswhenbeingattacked.It’saplant’swayofcryingout.Butisanyonelistening?Apparently.Becausewecanwatchtheneighboursreact.

Someplantspumpoutsmellychemicalstokeepinsectsaway.Butothersdodoubleduty.Theypumpoutperfumesdesignedtoattractdifferentinsectswhoarenaturalenemiestotheattackers.Oncetheyarrive,thetable sareturned.Theattackerwhoarenaturalenemiestotheattackers.Oncetheyarrive,thetable sareturned.Theattackerwhowaslunchingnowbecomeslunch.zepteo.com

Instudyafterstudy,itappearsthatthesechemicalconversationshelptheneighbors.Thedamageisusuallymoreseriousonthefirstplant,buttheneighbors,relativelyspeaking,staysaferbecausetheyheardthealarmandknewwhattodo.

Doesthismeanthatplantstalktoeachother?Scientistsdon’tknow.Maybethefirstplantjustmadeacryofpainorwassendingamessagetoitsownbranches,andso,ineffect,wastalkingtoitself.Perhapstheneighborsjusthappenedto“overhear”thecry.Soinformationwasexchanged,butitwasn’tatrue,intentionalbackandforth.

CharlesDarwin,over150yearsago,imaginedaworldfarbusier,noisierandmoreintimate(亲密的)thantheworldwecanseeandhear.Oursensesareweak.There’sawholelotgoingon.

32.Whatdoesaplantdowhenitisunderattack?

A.Itmakesnoises. B.Itgetshelpfromotherplants.

C.Itstandsquietly D.Itsendsoutcertainchemicals.

33.Whatdoestheauthormeanby“thetable sareturned”inparagraph3?

A.Theattackersgetattacked.

B.Theinsectsgatherunderthetable .

C.Theplantsgetreadytofightback.

D.Theperfumesattractnaturalenemies.

34.Scientistsfindfromtheirstudiesthatplantscan .

A.predictnaturaldisasters B.protectthemselvesagainstinsects

C.talktooneanotherintentionallyD.helptheirneighborswhennecessary

35.whatcanweinferfromthelastparagraph?

A.Thewordischangingfasterthanever.

B.Peoplehavestrongersensesthanbefore

C.Theworldismorecomplexthanitseems

D.PeopleinDarwin’stimewereimaginative.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Interruptionsareoneoftheworstthingstodealwithwhileyou’retryingtogetworkdone. 36 ,thereareseveralwaystohandlethings.Let’stakealookatthemnow.

 37 .Tellthepersonyou’resorryandexplainthatyouhaveamillionthingstodoandthenaskiftheofyoucantalkatadifferenttime.

Whenpeopletrytointerruptyou,havesethoursplannedandletthemknowtocomebackduringthattimeorthatyou’llfindthemthen. 38 .Itcanhelptoeliminate(消除)futureinterruptions.

Whenyouneedtosomeone,don’tdoitinyourownoffice. 39 .it’smucheaseiertoexcuseyourselftogetbacktoyourworkthanifyoutrytogetsomeoneoutofyourspaceevenafterexplaininghowbusyyouare

Ifyouhaveadoortoyouroffice,makegooduseofit. 40 .Ifsomeoneknocksandit’snotanimportantmatter.Excuseyourselfandletthepersonknowyou’rebusysotheycangetthehint(暗示)thanwhenthedoorisclosed,you’renottobedisturbed.

A.Ifyou’rebusy,don’t feel bad about saying no

B.When you wanttoavoid interruptionsatwork

C.Setboundariesforyourself asyour timegoes

D.Ifyou’re intheother person’s office or in apublicarcea

E.It’simportant that you let themknow when you’ll beavailable

F.Itmight seem unkind to cutpeople shirt when they interrupt you

G.Leaveitopenwhenyou’reavailabletotalkandcloseitwhenyou’renot

36-40BAEDG

第三部分语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节(共20小题:每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

In1973,Iwasteachingelementaryschool.Eachday,27kids 41 “TheThinkingLaboratory.”Thatwasthe 42 studentsvotedforafterdecidingthat“Room104”wastoo 43 .

Freddywasanaverage 44 ,butnotanaverageperson.Hehadtherarebalanceoffunandcompassion(同情).Hewould 45 theloudestoverfunandbethesaddestoveranyone’s 46 .

Beforetheschoolyear 47 ,Igavethekidsaspecial 48 ,T-shertswiththewords“VerbsAreYour 49 onthem.Ihadadvisedthekidsthatwhileverbs(动词)mayseemdull,mostofthe 50 thingstheydothroughouttheirliveswillbeverbs.

Throughtheyears,I’drunintoformerstudentswhowouldprovide 51 onoldclassmates.IlearnedthatFreddydidseveraljobsafterhis 52 fromhighschoolandremainedthesame 53 personImetfortyyearsbefore.Once,whileworkingovernightatastore,heletahomelessman 54 inhistruck.Anothertime,he 55 afriendmoneytobuyahouse.

Justlastyear,Iwas 56 aworkshopwhensomeoneknockedattheclassroomdoor.Awoman 57 theinterruptionandhandedmeanenvelope.Istoppedteachingand 58 itup.Insidewerethe“Verbs”shertanda 59 fromFreddy’smonther.“FreddypassedawayonThanksgiving.Hewantedyoutohavethis.”

Itoldthestory totheclass.Assadasitwas,Icouldn’thelpsmiling.AlthoughFreddywastakenfromus,weall 60 somethingfrom Freddy.

41.A.built B.entered C.decorated D.ran

42.A.name B.rule C.brand D.plan

43.A.small B.dark C.strange D.dull

44.A.scholar B.student C.citizen D.worker

45.A.speak B.sing C.question D.laugh

46.A.misfortune B.disbelief C.dishonesty D.mistake

47.A.changed B.approached C.returned D.ended

48.A.lesson B.gife C.report D.message

49.A.friends B.Awards C.Masters D.Tasks

50.A.simple B.unique C.fun D.clever

51.A.assessments B.comments C.instructions D.updates

52.A.graduation B.retirement C.separation D.resignation

53.A.daring B.modest C.caring D.smart

54.A.wait B.sleep C.study D.live

55.A.paid B.charged C.lent D.owed

56.A.observing B.preparing C.designing D.conducting

57.A.regretted B.avoided C.excused D.ignored

58.A.opened B.packed C.gave D.held

59.A.picture B.bill C.note D.diary

60.A.chose B.took C.expected D.borrowed

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

In1863thefirstundergroundpassengerrailwayintheworldopenedinLondon.Itranforjustundersevenkilometersandallowedpeopletoavoidterrible__61__(crowd)ontheroadsaboveastheytravelledtoand___62__word.Ittookthreeyearstocompleteandwasbuiltusinganinterestingmethod.Thisincludeddigginguptheroad,____63___(lay)thetrackandthenbuildingastrongroofover___64___top.Whenallthosehadbeendone,theroadsurfacewasreplaced.

Steamengines___65__(use)topullthecarriagesanditmusthavebeen___66__(fair)unpleasantforthepasssengers,withallthesmokeandnoise.However,therailwayquicklyprovedtobeagreatsuccessandwithinsixmonths,morethan25,000peoplewereusing___67__everyday.

Later,engineers____68___(manage)toconstructrailwaysinasystemofdeeptunnels(隧道),whichbecameknowntothetube.Thisdevelopmentwasonlypossiblewiththe___69___(introduce)ofelectric-poweredenginesandlifts.ThecentralLondonRailwaywasoneofthemost___70___(success)ofthesenewlines,andwasopenedin1900.Ithadwhite-paintedtunnelsandbrightredcarriages,andprovedextremelypopularwiththepublic.

第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处;每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Mr.andMrs.Zhangallworkinourschool.Theylivefarfromtheschool,andittakesthemaboutahourandahalftogotoworkeveryday.Intheirsparetime,theyareinterestinginplantingvegetable sintheirgarden,thatisontherooftopoftheirhouse.Theyoftengetupearlierandwaterthevegetable stogether.Theyhavealsoboughtforsomegardeningtools.beside,theyoftengetsomeusefulinformationsfromtheinternet.Whensummercame,theywillinvitetheirstudentspickthevegetable s!

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